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Facts about the country of England, including location, climate, landscape, population, currency, government and more.
England is an island country situated in North-West Europe, on the island of 'Great Britain'.
Map of Great Britain, showing the countries of England, Scotland, and Wales.
Below is a map showing the whole of the island of Great Britain in relation to the rest of Europe. Great Britain is the largest island in Europe and the eighth largest island in the world.
The British Isles
The United Kingdom (UK)
Key facts to remember -
ENGLAND'S CLIMATE & WEATHER
The English summer consists of "three fine days and a thunderstorm". - Charles II
England's weather can be summed up in two words - mild & varied. One minute it can be gorgeous sunshine, the next it can be cloudy, cold and raining. Even on extremely sunny days during summer, if someone goes out they will usually 'take a coat just in case' for the weather is so unpredictable and can change at any moment. This unpredictability also makes England's weather extremely interesting and frequently talked about.
To understand more about the British weather, please read the following article by the BBC - British Weather (Part 1)
To see what the weather is like in England right now and for a detailed forecast, please click here
As varied as the weather, comes the beautiful English landscape. From the chalk cliffs and rolling hills of the South, to the Mountainous ranges of the Lake District in the North.
Interesting facts about England and its landscape
POPULATION OF ENGLAND
In 2005 the population of England was approximately 50.4 million.
Population Facts & Figures
FLAG OF ENGLAND
England's flag is the St George's cross -
The Union Jack (below) is the flag of the UK. It is a symbol of the administrative union of the countries of the United Kingdom.
For more England flags, visit our England flags page
GOVERNMENT OF ENGLAND
"There is a forgotten, nay almost forbidden word, which means more to me than any other. That word is England". - Sir Winston Churchill
There is no government just for England, and hasn't been since 1707. The government, although seated in London, is in fact a UK government.
The UK government is known as a 'Constitutional Monarchy' and a 'Parliamentary Democracy'.
Key facts to remember -
Visit Parliament's website for details on how it works, history, and much more.
CURRENCY OF ENGLAND
The currency of England and Britain is officially called Pounds Sterling.
The currency sign is the pound sign: £
A pound is made up of 100 pence. (pence is plural of penny)
Coins currently in circulation (copper, silver and gold)-
1p (one penny), 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1 (one pound)
Notes currently in circulation -
£5, £10, £20, £50, £100
For pictures of what our currency looks like, please click here to see pictures of UK currency.
To see the current exchange rates, please visit xe.com.
More facts about England coming very soon..
Random England fact:
Studland Beach, in Dorset, has been used by naturists for nearly 100 years. Two of its naturist visitors were author George Bernhard Shaw and children's authoress Enid Blyton. With her familiarity of the area, the nearby village of Studland was the basis for Toytown in her Noddy books and used again in her Famous Five stories.
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